Tuesday, April 19, 2011

Formal names and short forms

Some formal names and their diminutive or short forms (informal names)

Andrew        -    Andy
Alan             -    Al
Alexander     -    Al  
Alexander     -    Alec
Alexander     -    Alex
Alexander     -    Sandy
Alfred          -      Al 
Alfred         -      Fred
Benjamin     -     Ben  
Benjamin     -     Benny
Caroline     -      Carol
Catherine    -    Cath
Catherine    -    Cathy
Christopher -   Chris
David         -     Dave
David        -      Davy
Daniel       -      Dan
Daniel       -      Danny
Diana        -      Di
Edward     -      Ed
Edward     -      Eddy
Elizabeth    -     Eliza
Elizabeth    -     Liz
Elizabeth    -    Beth
Frederick    -    Fred
Frederick    -    Freddy
Geoffrey    -    Geoff
Harold      -     Harry
James      -      Jim
James       -     Jimmy
Jennifer     -    Jenny
Jennifer     -    Jennie
Kenneth     -    Ken
Kenneth     -    Kenny
Michael      -    Mike
Michael      -    Mick
Michael      -    Mickey
Nicholas     -    Nick
Nicholas     -    Nicky
Pamela       -    Pam
Patricia      -     Pat
Patrick      -     Pat
Peter        -     Pete
Richard    -     Dick
Richard    -    Ricky
Robert      -     Bob
Robert     -      Bert
Samantha    -   Sam
Samuel      -    Sam
Susan      -       Sue
Susan      -      Susie
Terrence    -    Terry
Timothy    -    Tim
Victoria     -    Vicky
Victor       -    Vic
William    -     Bill

Difference between protect and prevent


Protect means to keep someone or something safe from bad things.
It means to take care of.
It means to guard from harm.

Prevent means to stop something from happening.
It also means to keep from happening or continuing.

You should wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from sunlight. 
Wearing sunglasses can help prevent eye problems.

I want a sunscreen that protects me from getting darker.
I want to use sunscreen to prevent direct sunrays falling on me.  

It is very difficult to prevent earthquake from happening.
Take safety measures to protect you from earthquakes.

Saturday, February 19, 2011

Thanks, but no thanks


It means an offer is appreciated but declined.
The word ‘thanks’ appreciates an offer and at the same time the phrase ‘no thanks’ declines the offer.

Let us imagine a situation like this.

·        John offers sweets to Mary.
·        Mary appreciates the offer but doesn’t want to accept the sweets.
·        She wants to convey rejection.

In this case, she will express the denial as, “Thanks, but no thanks.”


     

Thursday, February 17, 2011

Some words with silent letters

Letters in brackets here are not pronounced.

• Asp(i)rin



• Bou(gh)t


• Bus(i)ness


• cau(gh)t


• Choc(o)late


• Clim(b)


• com(b)


• Comf(or)table


• dau(gh)ter


• Diff(e)rent


• dum(b)


• Ev(e)ning


• Ev(e)ry


• Han(d)kerchief


• hei(gh)t


• hi(gh)


• (h)onest


• (h)onour


• (h)our


• Int(e)resting


• li(gh)t


• Marri(a)ge


• Med(i)cine


• mi(gh)t


• nei(gh)bour


• Om(e)lette


• ou(gh)t


• Rest(au)rant


• ri(gh)t


• san(d)wich


• Sev(e)ral


• si(gh)t


• strai(gh)t


• Temp(e)rature


• thou(gh)t


• throu(gh)


• ti(gh)t


• Us(u)ally


• Veg(e)table


• W(h)at


• w(h)en


• w(h)ip


• w(h)y


• We(d)nesday


• wei(gh)




Language police

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What's wrong with correct English?

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The Hindu : Education : Does bridge course bridge the divide?

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Monday, January 24, 2011

A rhyme about nine parts of speech

                                                                                
Three little words you often see
Are articles - a, an, and the.

A noun's the name of anything
As school or garden, hoop or swing.

Adjectives describe the 'kind of noun'
As great, small, pretty, white or brown.

Instead of nouns, the pronouns stand -
Her head, his face, your arm, my hand.

Verbs tell of something to be done -
To read, count, sing, to laugh or run.

How things are done the adverbs tell,
As slowly, quickly, ill or well.

Conjunctions join the words together,
As men and women, wind or weather.

The preposition stands before
A noun, as in or through a door.

The interjection shows surprise,
As Oh! How pretty! Oh! How wise!

The whole are called nine parts of speech,
Which reading, writing, speaking teach.

An old rhyme on "The Parts of Speech"


Every name is called a noun,
As field and fountain, street and town.

In place of noun the pronoun stands,
As he and she can clap their hands.

The adjective describes a thing,
As magic wand and bridal ring.

The verb means action, something done --
To read, to write, to jump, to run.

How things are done, the adverbs tell,
As quickly, slowly, badly, well.

The preposition shows relation,
As in the street, or at the station.

Conjunctions join, in many ways,
Sentences, words, or phrase and phrase.

The interjection cries out, "Hark!
I need an exclamation mark!"

Through poetry, we learn how each
Of these make up the Parts of Speech.



Tuesday, January 18, 2011

Quotations about Speaking


To be able to ask a question clearly is two-thirds of the way to getting it answered.  ~John Ruskin


By swallowing evil words unsaid, no one has ever harmed his stomach.  ~Winston Churchill


The trouble with talking too fast is you may say something you haven't thought of yet.  ~Ann Landers


To speak and to speak well are two things.  A fool may talk, but a wise man speaks.  ~Ben Jonson


If you wouldn't write it and sign it, don't say it.  ~Earl Wilson


Two monologues do not make a dialogue.  ~Jeff Daly


Of those who say nothing, few are silent.  ~Thomas Neiel


The older I grow the more I listen to people who don't talk much.  ~Germain G. Glien


Let a fool hold his tongue and he will pass for a sage.  ~Pubilius Syrus


Most conversations are simply monologues delivered in the presence of a witness.  ~Margaret Millar


Not the fastest horse can catch a word spoken in anger.  ~Chinese Proverb


There is no such thing as conversation.  It is an illusion.  There are intersecting monologues, that is all.  ~Rebecca West (Cicily Maxwell Andrews), "The Harsh Voice," There Is No Conversation, 1935



The kindest word in all the world is the unkind word, unsaid.  ~Author Unknown


Talking is like playing on the harp; there is as much in laying the hands on the strings to stop their vibration as in twanging them to bring out their music.  ~Oliver Wendell Holmes


People have to talk about something just to keep their voice boxes in working order so they'll have good voice boxes in case there's ever anything really meaningful to say.  ~Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., Cat's Cradle


Euphemisms are unpleasant truths wearing diplomatic cologne.  ~Quentin Crisp


Well-timed silence hath more eloquence than speech.  ~Martin Farquhar Tupper, "Of Discretion," Proverbial Philosophy


The true genius shudders at incompleteness - and usually prefers silence to saying something which is not everything it should be.  ~Edgar Allan Poe


Everything becomes a little different as soon as it is spoken out loud.  ~Hermann Hesse


The real art of conversation is not only to say the right thing at the right place but to leave unsaid the wrong thing at the tempting moment.  ~Dorothy Nevill


The easiest way to save face is to keep the lower half shut.  ~Author Unknown


Even a fish wouldn't get into trouble if he kept his mouth shut.  ~Author Unknown


Among my most prized possessions are words that I have never spoken.  ~Orson Rega Card


Be careful of your thoughts; they may become words at any moment.  ~Ira Gassen


Silence is one of the hardest arguments to refute.  ~Josh Billings


Foolishness always results when the tongue outraces the brain.  ~Author Unknown


The words you choose to say something are just as important as the decision to speak.  ~Author Unknown

Among provocatives, the next best thing to good preaching is bad preaching.  I have even more thoughts during or enduring it than at other times.  ~Ralph Waldo Emerson



An inability to stay quiet is one of the conspicuous failings of mankind.  ~Walter Bagehot


It is better to keep one's mouth shut and be thought a fool than to open it and resolve all doubt.  ~Abraham Lincoln


I am annoyed by individuals who are embarrassed by pauses in a conversation.  To me, every conversational pause refreshes.  ~George Sanders


Isn't it surprising how many things, if not said immediately, seem not worth saying ten minutes from now?  ~Arnot L. Sheppard, Jr.


It is impossible to speak in such a way that you cannot be misunderstood.  ~Karl Popper, Unended Quest


Speak when you are angry and you will make the best speech you will ever regret.  ~Ambrose Bierce


Drawing on my find command of language, I said nothing.  ~Robert Charles Benchley


Don't tell your friends about your indigestions:  "How are you!" is a greeting, not a question.  ~Arthur Guiterman, A Poet's Proverbs


Once a word has been allowed to escape, it cannot be recalled.  ~Horace


Don't speak unless you can improve on the silence.  ~Spanish Proverb


One of the lessons of history is that nothing is often a good thing to do and always a clever thing to say.  ~Will Durant


If writers wrote as carelessly as some people talk, then adhasdh asdglaseuyt[bn[ pasdlgkhasdfasdf.  ~Lemony Snicket


Blessed is the man who, having nothing to say, abstains from giving evidence of the fact.  ~George Eliot, Impressions of Theophrastus Such, 1879


Calvin:  Sometimes when I'm talking, my words can't keep up with my thoughts.  I wonder why we think faster than we speak.
Hobbes:  Probably so we can think twice.
~Bill Watterson, Calvin & Hobbes




One way to prevent conversation from being boring is to say the wrong thing.  ~Frank Sheed


Talk to people about themselves and they will listen for hours.  ~Benjamin Disraeli


Discussion is an exchange of knowledge; argument an exchange of ignorance.  ~Robert Quillen


Coolidge was known for his terse speech and reticence.  A woman bet her friend that she could get Coolidge to speak to her, which was something he was reluctant to do.  She went up to him and said: "Hello, Mr. President, I bet my friend that I could get you to say three words to me."  "You lose," Coolidge replied dryly, and walked away.  ~Author Unknown


The difference between a smart man and a wise man is that a smart man knows what to say, a wise man knows whether or not to say it.  ~Frank M. Garafola


I just wish my mouth had a backspace key.  ~Author Unknown


No man would listen to you talk if he didn't know it was his turn next.  ~E.W. Howe
Always and never are two words you should always remember never to use.  ~Wendell Johnson


He's a wonderful talker, who has the art of telling you nothing in a great harangue.  ~Jean Baptiste Molière, Le Misanthrope


The trouble with her is that she lacks the power of conversation but not the power of speech.  ~George Bernard Shaw


If you keep your mouth shut you will never put your foot in it.  ~Austin O'Malley


If everybody thought before they spoke, the silence would be deafening.  ~George Barzan


Talk is cheap because supply exceeds demand.  ~Author Unknown


Man does not live by words alone, despite the fact that sometimes he has to eat them.  ~Adlai Stevenson


The most important thing in communication is hearing what isn't being said.  ~Author Unknown


In the course of my life, I have often had to eat my words, and I must confess that I have always found it a wholesome diet.  ~Winston Churchill


The best way to keep one's word is not to give it.  ~Napoleon I, Maxims


Keep your words soft and tender because tomorrow you may have to eat them.  ~Author Unknown





Never argue with a fool, onlookers may not be able to tell the difference.  ~Author unknown, attributed to Mark Twain


When you're arguing with a fool, make sure he isn't doing the same thing.  ~Author Unknown


Always do sober what you said you'd do drunk.  That will teach you to keep your mouth shut.  ~Ernest Hemingway