Saturday, August 7, 2010

British English and American English

British English and American English


  • A Lettuce -- A Head of Lettuce

  • Accommodation -- Accommodations

  • Action Replay -- Instant Replay

  • Action Replay -- Instant Replay

  • Aerial -- Antenna

  • Aerofoil -- Airfoil

  • Aeroplane -- Airplane

  • Agony Aunt -- Advice Columnist

  • Allen Key -- Allen Wrench

  • Aluminium -- Aluminum

  • Aniseed -- Anise

  • Anticlockwise -- Counterclockwise

  • Articulated Lorry -- Tractor-Trailer

  • Asymmetric Bars -- Uneven Bars

  • Aubergine -- Eggplant

  • Autumn-- Fall

  • Bag --Sack

  • Baking Tray -- Cookie Sheet

  • Bank Holiday -- Legal Holiday

  • Bank Note --Bill

  • Barrister -- Lawyer

  • Bat (Ping Pong) -- Paddle

  • Big Dipper -- Roller Coaster

  • Big Wheel -- Ferris Wheel

  • Bill -- Check

  • Biscuit -- Cookie; Cracker

  • Black Economy -- Underground Economy

  • Blanket Bath -- Sponge Bath

  • Blind (window) -- Shade

  • Block of Flats -- Condominium

  • Boiler Suit -- Coveralls

  • Bonnet -- Hood

  • Boot     -- Trunk

  • Bootlace/Shoelace -- Shoestring

  • Braces -- Suspenders

  • Break (School) -- Recess

  • Breakdown Van -- Tow Truck

  • Breeze Block -- Cinder Block

  • Bridging Loan -- Bridge Loan

  • Briefs/Underpants --Shorts/Jockey Shorts

  • Broad Bean -- Lima Bean

  • Candy floss --Cotton Candy

  • Car Park-- Parking Lot

  • Caravan --Trailer

  • Caretaker/Porter --Janitor

  • Cashier --Teller

  • Casualty -- Emergency Room

  • Catapult -- Slingshot

  • Cattle Grid -- Texas Gate

  • Central Reservation -- Median Strip

  • Centre (City/Business) --Downtown

  • Chemist's Shop --Drug Store

  • Chest Of Drawers -- Dresser/Bureau

  • Chips -- French Fries

  • Cinema -- Movie Theater; The Movies

  • Cinema --Movie House/Theater

  • Class/Form (School) -- Grade

  • Cling Film -- Plastic Wrap

  • Cloakroom -- Check Room

  • Clothes Peg -- Clothes Pin

  • Common Seal -- Harbor Seal

  • Condom -- Rubber

  • Conscription -- Draft

  • Consumer Durables -- Durable Goods

  • Convoy -- Caravan

  • Corn flour -- Cornstarch

  • Cot -- Crib

  • Cot Death -- Crib Death

  • Cotton Bud -- Cotton Swab

  • Cotton Reel -- Spool

  • Cotton Wool -- Absorbent Cotton

  • Cotton Wool -- Cotton Batting

  • Court Card -- Face Card

  • Crash Barrier -- Guardrail

  • Cream Cracker -- Soda Cracker

  • Crisps --Chips

  • Crocodile Clip -- Alligator Clip

  • Cross Ply – Bias Ply

  • Crossroads --Intersection

  • Cupboard --Closet

  • Current Account -- Checking Account

  • Curtains --Drapes

  • Danger Money -- Hazard Pay

  • Demister (in a car) -- Defroster 

  • Dialing Code --Area Code

  • Dialing Tone -- Dial Tone

  • Diamante -- Rhinestone

  • Diversion -- Detour

  • Double Cream -- Heavy Cream

  • Drain (Indoors) -- Sewer Pipe

  • Draper -- Dry goods Store

  • Drawing Pin -- Thumbtack

  • Dressing Gown -- Robe; Bathrobe

  • Drink Driving -- Drunk Driving

  • Drinks Cupboard -- Liquor Cabinet

  • Drinks Party -- Cocktail Party

  • Driving License -- Driver’s License

  • Dual Carriageway -- Divided Highway

  • Dummy (for a baby) -- Pacifier

  • Dust Sheet -- Drop Cloth

  • Dustbin --Garbage Pail / Garbage Can

  • Earth (electrical) -- Ground 

  • Engaged -- Busy

  • Estate Car -- Station Wagon

  • Ex-Directory --Unlisted

  • Fair (Fun) --Carnival

  • Faith School -- Parochial School

  • Film -- Movie

  • Financial Year -- Fiscal Year

  • Fire Brigade/Service -- Fire Company/Department

  • First Floor -- Second Floor

  • Fish Finger -- Fish Stick

  • Fitted Carpet -- Wall-To-Wall Carpeting

  • Flannel -- Washcloth

  • Flat -- Apartment

  • Flex -- Electric Cord/Wire

  • Flick Knife -- Switchblade

  • Flu -- Grippe

  • Flyover -- Overpass

  • Football -- Soccer

  • Footway -- Sidewalk

  • Fringe (hair) -- Bangs 

  • Frying Pan --Skillet

  • Full Stop -- Period 

  • Funfair -- Carnival

  • Funny Bone -- Crazy Bone

  • Gallery (Theatre) -- Balcony

  • Gangway -- Aisle

  • Garden -- Yard; Lawn

  • Gear Lever -- Gearshift

  • Gearing (finance) -- Leverage 

  • Giddy --Dizzy

  • Goods Train -- Freight Train

  • Greaseproof Paper --Wax Paper/Waxed Paper

  • Green Fingers -- Green Thumb

  • Grill (Noun) -- Broiler

  • Grill (verb) -- Broil

  • Ground Floor -- First Floor

  • Groundsman -- Groundskeeper

  • Hairslide -- Barrette

  • Handbag --Pocketbook, Purse

  • Hardware --Housewares

  • Hat stand -- Hat rack

  • Hire Purchase -- Installment Plan

  • Hoarding -- Billboard

  • Hob -- Stovetop

  • Holdall -- Carryall

  • Holiday -- Vacation

  • Holiday Maker -- Vacationer

  • Homely -- Homey

  • Hosepipe -- Hose

  • Housewife --House Maker / Home Maker

  • Housing Estate -- Housing Development

  • Hundreds and Thousands -- Sprinkles

  • Icing Sugar -- Confectioners’ Sugar

  • Indicator (car) -- Turn Signal 

  • Influenza --Grippe

  • Inside Leg --Inseam

  • Interval --Intermission

  • Ironmonger-- Hardware Store

  • Jam -- Jelly

  • Jelly Babies -- Jelly Beans

  • Jug --Pitcher

  • Jumble Sale --Rummage Sale

  • Jump Lead -- Jumper Cable

  • Jumper -- Sweater

  • Junior School -- Elementary School

  • Kennel -- Doghouse

  • Knickers (Girl’s) -- Underwear/Panties

  • Knock Up (Tennis) -- Warm Up

  • Label -- Tag

  • Ladder -- Run

  • Ladybird -- Ladybug

  • Larder -- Pantry

  • Let -- Lease/Rent

  • Level Crossing --Grade Crossing

  • Lift --Elevator

  • Lodger --Roomer

  • Loose Cover -- Slipcover

  • Lorry --Truck

  • Loudhailer -- Bullhorn

  • Low Loader -- Flatbed Truck

  • Lucky Dip -- Grab Bag

  • Luggage Van -- Baggage Car

  • Mackintosh -- Raincoat

  • Main Road -- Highway

  • Maize -- Corn

  • Market Garden -- Truck Farm

  • Marshalling Yard -- Railroad Yard

  • Maths -- Math

  • Metalled Road -- Paved Road

  • Methylated Spirits -- Denatured Alcohol

  • Milometer -- Odometer

  • Minced Beef -- Ground Beef

  • Mobile Phone -- Cell Phone

  • Monkey Tricks -- Monkeyshines

  • Motorway -- Expressway; Highway

  • Motorway -- Freeway / Turnpike

  • Mum/Mummy -- Mom/Mommy

  • Nail Varnish -- Nail Polish

  • Nappy -- Diaper

  • Neat (drink) -- Straight

  • Needle Cord -- Pinwale

  • Net Curtains--  Sheers/Under Drapes

  • Newsagent --   News Dealer/News Stand

  • Newsreader -- Newscaster

  • Nought -- Zero

  • Number Plate -- License Plate

  • Ordinary Share -- Common Stock

  • Overtake (vehicle) -- Pass

  • Packed Lunch  -- Sack Lunch/Bag Lunch

  • Paddling Pool -- Wading Pool

  • Page -- Bellboy

  • Panel Beater -- Body Shop

  • Pants (boy’s underwear) -- Shorts/Underwear

  • Pants -- Panties

  • Parcel -- Package

  • Patience -- Solitaire

  • Pavement --Sidewalk

  • Pay Packet -- Pay Envelope

  • Pedestrian Crossing -- Crosswalk

  • Peg -- Clothespin

  • Pelmet -- Valance

  • Petrol -- Gas / Gasoline

  • Petrol Station -- Filling Station

  • Physiotherapy -- Physical Therapy

  • Plain Chocolate -- Dark Chocolate

  • Plain Chocolate   Dark Chocolate

  • Plain Flour -- All-Purpose Flour

  • Plait -- Braid

  • Plaster -- Band-Aid

  • Polo Neck -- Turtleneck

  • Porridge -- Oatmeal

  • Positive Discrimination -- Reverse Discrimination

  • Post Code --Zip Code

  • Post -- Mail

  • Postal Vote -- Absentee Ballot

  • Postbox -- Mailbox

  • Postman --Mailman/Postman

  • Postponement -- Rain check

  • Power Point -- Electrical Outlet

  • Pram -- Baby Carriage; Stroller

  • Press Stud -- Snap

  • Press-Up -- Pushup

  • Public School -- Private School

  • Public Transport -- Public Transportation

  • Pudding -- Dessert

  • Punch bag -- Punching Bag

  • Pupil -- Student

  • Pushchair -- Stroller

  • Pylon -- Utility Pole

  • Quantity Surveyor -- Estimator

  • Queue -- Line

  • Racing Car -- Race Car

  • Railway -- Railroad

  • Real Tennis -- Court Tennis

  • Reception -- Front Desk

  • Receptionist -- Desk Clerk

  • Recorded Delivery -- Certified Mail

  • Registration Plate -- License Plate

  • Re mould (tyre) -- Retread 

  • Removal Van -- Moving Van

  • Return Ticket -- Round Trip Ticket

  • Reverse Charges -- Call Collect

  • Reversing Lights -- Back-Up Lights

  • Ring Road -- Beltway

  • Roundabout (at a fair) -- Carousel

  • Roundabout (in road) -- Traffic Circle

  • Rowing Boat -- Rowboat

  • Rubber -- Eraser

  • Rubbish -- Garbage

  • Rucksack -- Knapsack

  • Sailing Boat --Sailboat

  • Saloon (car) -- Sedan

  • Sandpit -- Sandbox

  • Sandwich Cake -- Layer Cake

  • Sanitary Towel -- Sanitary Napkin

  • School Report -- Report Card

  • Sello tape -- Scotch Tape

  • Share Option -- Stock Option

  • Shares -- Stocks

  • Shop Assistant -- Sales Clerk/Sales Girl

  • Shopping Trolley -- Shopping Cart

  • Show House/Home -- Model Home

  • Silencer -- Muffler 

  • Silverside -- Rump Roast

  • Single Ticket -- One Way Ticket

  • Singlet (Undershirt) -- Wife-Beater 

  • Skimmed Milk -- Skim Milk

  • Skipping Rope -- Jump Rope

  • Skirting Board -- Baseboard

  • Sledge -- Sled

  • Sleeper -- Railroad Tie

  • Slowcoach -- Slowpoke

  • Solicitor -- Lawyer/Attorney

  • Soya/Soya Bean -- Soy/Soybean

  • Spanner -- Monkey Wrench

  • Spare Time --Free Time

  • Spirits -- Liquor

  • Splash back -- Backsplash

  • Spring Onion -- Scallion/Green Onion

  • Staff (academic) --Faculty

  • Stag Night -- Bachelor Party

  • Standard Lamp -- Floor Lamp

  • Stanley Knife -- Utility Knife

  • Starter -- Appetizer

  • State School--  Public School

  • Storm In A Teacup -- Tempest In A Teapot

  • Surgical Spirit -- Rubbing Alcohol

  • Sur title – Super title

  • Sweets -- Candy

  • Tadpole -- Pollywog

  • Tap -- Faucet

  • Taxi Rank -- Taxi Stand

  • Tea Towel -- Dish Towel

  • Tea Trolley --Tea Cart

  • Teat (baby’s bottle) -- Nipple

  • Telegram -- Wire

  • Telephone Box -- Phone Booth

  • Terrace House -- Row House

  • Tick -- Check Mark

  • Ticket Tout -- Scalper

  • Tights -- Pantyhose

  • Timber -- Lumber

  • Timetable -- Schedule

  • Toilet -- Restroom

  • Torch -- Flashlight

  • Touch Wood -- Knock on Wood

  • Trade Union -- Labor Union

  • Trading Estate -- Industrial Park

  • Trainers -- Sneakers

  • Tram -- Streetcar; Cable Car

  • Transport CafĂ© -- Truck Stop

  • Trolley -- Shopping Cart 

  • Trousers -- Pants

  • Underground -- Subway

  • Vest -- Undershirt

  • Wagon (on a train) -- Car

  • Waistcoat --Vest

  • Walking Frame -- Walker

  • Wardrobe -- Closet

  • Weatherboard -- Clapboard

  • Wellies / Wellingtons     -- Rubber Boots

  • White Coffee -- Coffee with Cream

  • White Spirit -- Mineral Spirits

  • Whole meal Bread -- Whole wheat Bread

  • Windcheater -- Windbreaker

  • Windscreen -- Windshield

  • Wing (car) -- Fender 

  • Worktop -- Countertop

  • Yale Lock -- Cylinder Lock

  • Zebra Crossing -- Crosswalk

  • Zed (Letter Z) -- Zee 

  • Zip -- Zipper

Types of English


  • BE - Business English

  • BULATS - Business Language Testing Services, a computer-based test of business English, produced by Cambridge ESOL

  • CELTA - Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults

  • CELTYL - Certificate in English Language Teaching to Young Learners

  • DELTA - Diploma in English Language Teaching to Adults

  • EAL - English as an additional language

  • EAP - English for academic purposes

  • EFL - English as a foreign language. English for use in a non-English-speaking region, by someone whose first language is not English

  • EIL - English as an international language

  • ELF - English as a lingua franca

  • ELL - English language learner.

  • ELT - English language teaching

  • ESL - English as a second language. English for use in an English-speaking region, by someone whose first language is not English

  • ESOL - English for speakers of other languages.

  • ESP - English for specific purposes or English for special purposes

  • EST - English for science and technology

  • IELTS - International English Language Testing System

  • LTE - London Tests of English

  • TEFL - Teaching English as a foreign language.

  • TESL - Teaching English as a second language.

  • TESOL - Teaching English to speakers of other languages, or Teaching English as a second or other language.

  • TOEFL - Test of English as a Foreign Language

  • TOEIC - Test of English for International Communication

  • TYLE - Teaching Young Learners English

  • UCLES - University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate, an exam board