Punctuation means putting in points and stops in writing.
. full stop is placed at the end of a sentence, and in abbreviations.
e.g. He got his B.A. degree.
, comma It is used -
- to separate words in a list.
e.g. coffee, milk, rice, biscuits, etc.
- to separate phrases or clauses.
e.g. If you don’t speak, I shall go away.
- to separate a question from the rest of the sentence.
e.g. It’s very nice, isn’t it?
before or after ‘he said’ in a conversation.
e.g. “Nothing will happen to me”, he said.
; semi colon is used to separate parts of a sentence that already contains commas.
e.g. She was firm in her stand; she would act on it, whenever she wanted to.
? question mark is used at the end of a direct question.
e.g. Where is the bag?
Is he going?
! exclamation mark occurs at the end of a sentence expressing surprise, joy, anger, shock, etc.
e.g. That’s great!
’ apostrophe is used to show that a thing or person belongs to somebody.
e.g. my sister’s car
It is also used in short forms, to indicate that letters or figures have been omitted.
e.g. I’m (I am )
They’d (they had, they would)
“ ” quotation marks are used to enclose words in direct speech
e.g. “Why were you absent?” he asked.
”I had gone to Chennai”, she said.